So, how do they work?
The honest answer is scientists and the world don’t fully know yet…BUT a renaissance of research in the field is on its way!
The lack of information can be attributed to the banishment of psilocybin (hallucinogenic drug found in psychedelic mushrooms) and LSD by the government in the late 1970s, which halted its research since that period.
But, thanks to a sudden and recent renaissance in psychedelic research, we are beginning to learn what happens to the brain during and after a “trip”.
The drug science
LSD and similar compounds are found to fit certain receptor sights in charge of the release of serotonin.
Receptors are sites in the brain in which molecular compounds (in this case the psychedelic drug) bind to release another chemical found in your body. In an LSD trip for instance, the hallucinogen clings to this receptor (called the serotonin 5-HT2A) and the receptor triggers the neuron in your brain to release serotonin, the happy hormone.
Psychedelics as medicine for the soul
It has been found that psychedelics connect new neurological pathways in the brain, making the brain make new connections that had never been there before.
These images show brain activity and represent the neural connections that are made during a psychedelic trip.
Studies show that people who take psychedelic drugs activate a neural pathway that is underworked. This neural pathway located in the prefrontal cortex of the brain is involved in things like self-reflection, theory of mind, mental time travel, auto biographical memory, among other characteristics.
Therefore, it makes sense that these new pathways allow people to heal and work through psychological difficulties, as the drug allows them to solve their problems with a new set of neural connections to aid in their healing process.
Psychedelics as medicine for the body
Not only have these types of compounds been found to heal the soul, but studies have shown that regular minute doses of LSD and similar compounds have enormous anti-inflammatory effects, potentially offering alternative treatments to everything from asthma to migraine headaches